Keith Parsons enters the discussion about God and evil on Secular Outpost  with a look at gratuitous evil. That means evil that God doesn't allow for any rational reason,In other words the kind thing about which one says "there's no excuse for that, God could just no reason to allow that." An example of gratuitous evil might be what happened to the woman gunned down in Chicago while pushing her child in the stroller. She was shit by a stray bullet. One might be tempted to think --I can see why God would allow the gunman to waste his life or even why he would allow the other member he was shooting at to be shot but why did God have to allow this woman to be hit by the stray bullet? In this piece I'm not going to deal with F inductive issues but to disagree with the approach to understanding gratuitous evil.
The problem with this concept is that it seems to frame the alternative to gratuitous evil imn such very specific terms it seems to imply that the allowance of some forms of evil could serve no purpose. I want to distinguish between two types of evil. The one would be evil acts that directly lead to the good. one example, suppose the shooter of this woman repents gives his life to God because he is so remorseful for his act and thus changes his life, Thus his sin led to remorse and through that saves several future victims. Then the woman's death would not be in vain, So that evil would not be quite as gratuitous, although, of course, still evil. The other type would be consequential evil. That is to say, the event itself would not lead to good consequences but allowing it would still be necessary to achieve a certain end. An example of this type might be the same event if the gunman never changes. But the skeptic might assert that since God is all powerful he should be able to stop that shooting or make the bullet miss.
If we take a larger view it may well be that God can't eliminate or micro manage every kind of problem such that he could intervene in all such cases. Of course the skeptic will always bring it down to "isn't God all powerful?" They will try to play off God's goodness against his power." For example saying God is either not good or not all powerful. Yet as I pointed out last tie while God is the most powerful aspect of being and while God has all authority, he does not have the ability to contradict logical necessity. He can't crate creatures who rally love him if he forces them to love him by creating them such that they could not do otherwise, Because love is a choice. It is not love i it's a circumvention of the will. This necessity of allowing free will means that God has to risk our makimng evil choices. If there are certain kinds of evil that will persisting possible worlds God is struct with allowing those so long free moral agents do not internalize the values of the good. This internalizing step comes though the search for truth, Thus God's existence cannot beyond question as it would be if God intervened every time something bad loomed on the horizon, So God must allow a real world in which random danger can strike at any time, From that point we cna works out the special situations in which will intervene if indeed he does,
Parsons seems nt to like free will defense, He certainty doesn't like this idea of unfailing moral evil in all possible worlds ("trans-world depravity"--TWD).
"Perhaps there are possible worlds in which free creatures always choose to do good, and so, in those worlds, moral evil is not a necessary condition for moral goodness." But the possibility of evil would have to exist in APW because Free will mist exist. Does that mean TWD? I don't know iof some evils mist be perormed in APW but I can see that might be the case. After all it might be the case that to be a ree moral agent is to give in to temptation, unless the good is internalized, An example would be Reinhold Neibuhr's idea of sin natuer that h took from St. Augustine but then liberalized. The anxiety of self transcendence leads to evil choices as a matter of selfish self preservation unless and until we internalize the values of the good. In this example sin nature is in effect anxiety that comes with self transcendence the ability to understand one's temporal plight in relation to the larger scheme thus all sentient beings who have moral natures woudl tend toward sin in this model.
Would the atheists be willing to say that if one miracles happens there has to be a God? I doubt that they would but one thing I know they would never admit there was a miracle, But I don't necessarily object to the idea since it would be against God's nature to allow gratuitous evil. But I think I have just demonstrated that there is no such thing, All forms of evil that occur must be allowed weather they lead to direct and specific good or not They all are the result of necessities. That is not to say that the individual evils must be excused or or tolerated and in all those cases where they wrought by humans we could choose to prevent the. There may be instances in which God intervenes but we don't know the parameters. That doesn't mean there aren't any. It means that the causes of evil must be allowed and in those cases where God does act to prevent there are certain reasons we don't understand. We can understand the reasons for allowing evil generally. Overall I've explained that by the use of internalizing work of the search and the idea of keeping the search inviolable.
The variables are too complex by far to tabulate probabilities. We can't know enough any given to say if there is or is not a rational reason for some kind of pain. The consequential pain is what we have in place of gratuitous pain; that is pain that has to be of necessity given the objectives of creation but has no direct positive outcome,or we may not know enough about the outcomes to say.
 Keith Parsons, "Gratuitous Evils: What are the Chances?" Secular Outpost, April 26,2016, BLOG url: http://www.patheos.com/blogs/secularoutpost/2016/08/26/gratuitous-evils-what-are-the-chances/#disqus_thread (Accessed 8/30/16)
 Reinold Niebuhr, The Nature and Destiny of Man vol.I Nisbet &co. 1943
Niebuhr doesn't actually speak of internalization values of the good but he does compare the selfish resplne to comprehending justice. There is clearly an internalizing of values innovated,
 Joseph Hinman Soteriologocal Drama, The Religious a propri. website URL